Diamond was known to be the hardest material found on planet earth but not any more. A group of scientists have discovered a new form of carbon which they say is harder than diamond.
Q Carbon Replaces Diamond As Hardest Material
Researchers at North Carolina State University claim that they have found a third phase of carbon named as Q-Carbon. This third phase is different from graphite and diamond.
Scientists claim that not only Q-Carbon is harder but it has some unexpected properties. Q Carbon is a ferromagnetic material which is intriguing for material scientists. Further it tends to glow in the presence of energy.
The approach used to create Q-carbon, was described within the Journal of Applied Physics. A laser beam is trained onto a tiny amount of amorphous carbon for 200 nanoseconds, heating it extremely quick. The spot then cools in a process often known as quenching, creating Q-carbon.
This can be a huge breakthrough in materials and diamond industry. Researchers are still working to verify these properties. Possible purposes of Q carbon are still work in progress, such as creating artificial body components, improving instruments like deep-water drills, and producing much brighter, longer lasting screens for televisions and cellphones.